Bayberry wax was made by the American Colonies from the wax coating of the bayberry fruit. It is made by boiling the berries. It has a nice sweet scent but is a big procedure making it an expensive wax. You have to boil about 15 pounds of the fruit to get one pound of wax. It is still in use today.
The first thing that you need to do is gather all of the supplies that you need, the supplies that you are going to need are as follows: candle wax, wick, wick tab, thermometer, double boiler, candle mold, scented oils, spoon, and a carving knife. Start off by preparing the mold, simply wipe the inside of the mold with olive oil or vegetable oil as this is going to make the process easier later. Take the wick and string it through the wick tab if this is not already done for you, when this is done place the wick in the bottom center of the mold. If you are going to make a container candle then there is no need to wipe the inside of the mold with oil. Also, you can use glue to keep the wick in place.
Cotton wicks – Once again you can find these wicks at an arts and crafts store. Make sure that the length of the wick that you use is longer than the length of the beeswax sheets that you got. The reason why we suggest that you use cotton wicks is because, like the beeswax, they are all natural.
Soy wax is made from soybeans. Because soybeans are commonly raised in the mid west USA, it is easy to find in many crafting stores. One rumor floating around the Candle making Singapore community is soy is water soluble. In fact, this is far from the truth. Think about it. If soy wax was water soluble you would have a world without any soy wax candles. A simple concept. Yet, soy waxes are prevalent in almost every candle shop in America and abroad.
Step # 1. Gather all of the supplies that you need: soy wax or beeswax, cotton wick, wick tab, candle mold, double boiler, candy thermometer, carving knife, and a spoon.
The first kind is paraffin candle wax. Paraffin is a petroleum-based candle wax, and a popular one on the market today. It tends to be less expensive than other forms of candle-making supplies, hence the popularity, and comes in chunks or powder form. The convenient thing about this waxy is you can buy the wax already colored or you can buy the wax in a neutral color and use your own coloring. This is the most popular type of candle wax used today.
Gel. Of course, you are making this candle so would need gel. That’s the most important thing you’ll ever need. But how will you know what gel to use? Hmm. Gels are essentially the same. The only difference between gels is the density. Gels come in low, medium and high density.
Lastly you will need equipment to actually construct the candle, now that you have the materials for candle making. You will need a melting pot, a thermometer, and molds to complete a project. For small scale candle making, you can use your own pots and stove top (for melting the wax). Professionals often suggest using thermometers to know the exact temperature of the wax. Of course you then need some type of container to cast your candle into a shape while it’s solidifying. Molds can be as simple as glasses or jars around your house. Upscale candle making will use special or more expensive molds and packaging.